Countries have agreed on most of the delicate elements of the “regulatory framework” for the implementation of the 2015 Paris Agreement. How governments will measure, report and verify their efforts to reduce emissions is a key factor in ensuring that all countries meet appropriate standards and that it will be more difficult to break free from their obligations. This agreement on the host country  contains the obligations of the host country and defines the legal basis for the organisation of the event. Guinea leads COP24 with 406 delegates. This is 86 fewer than last year, but it still comes in second place with 169 more people than the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The third place is that of this year`s COP members – Poland – with 211 delegates. In Paris, there was a preliminary list of about 15,000 participants present on behalf of a given country, or “party” – plus 8,000 additional unofficial delegates – while there were about 11,300 participants at the COP in Bonn last year. The map and graph below show the sizes of delegations in all countries represented at COP24. The darker the nuance, the more delegates the country has brought in. Move the mouse over the countries to show the number of delegates and the size of the population.
This conference can take place in the United Kingdom or Italy, both of which have applied to their hosts. With its offer of welcome, the UK wants to show that it will retain its role on the world stage even after Brexit. The event could also be a welcome change from the conflicts over Brexit and intractable trade deals. But whatever the host will have a diplomatic mountain to climb if the fragile nature of this year`s conversations is something to go. Environment Minister Henryk Kowalczyk today signed an agreement on behalf of the Government of the Republic of Poland with the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which sets out the commitments of both sides arising from the organization of the COP24 climate summit in Katowice in December. On behalf of the United Nations, the agreement was signed by Patricia Espinosa, Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The agreement specifies the general obligations arising from the membership of the Republic of Poland in the United Nations and its status as a party to the Convention, and aims to regulate certain aspects of the organization of the next meeting of the conference of the parties to the convention in Poland, in accordance with the administrative guidelines of the United Nations. The United States, Russia, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait joined forces to prevent the conference from encircling the IPCC results and watered down a statement on a weak recognition of the date of the scientists` report.
Australia joined the United States in celebrating coal and Brazil expressed its climate skepticism led by Jair Bolsonaro by withdrawing its offer to host the talks next year.