5. No product from the territory of one of the parties that is imported into the territory of another contracting party is subject to anti-dumping and countervailing duties to compensate for the same situation as dumping or export subsidies. 1. (a) All royalties and taxes levied by the contracting parties in the context of import or export are limited to the approximate cost of services provided at the approximate cost of the services provided and do not constitute indirect protection for domestic products or taxation of imports or exports for tax purposes. 4. Contracting parties must not, through trade measures, thwart the intent of the provisions of this agreement or, through trade measures, the intent of the provisions of the articles of the International Monetary Fund. 2. The contracting parties recognize that, in the adoption and application of laws and regulations relating to trademarks of origin, the difficulties and inconveniences that such measures may cause to trade and industry in exporting countries should be minimized, taking due account of the need to protect consumers from fraudulent or misleading claims. b) CONTRACTANT PARTIES may waive the requirement of paragraph (a) of this paragraph in order to allow a contractor to apply an anti-dumping or countervailing duty on the importation of a product to compensate for dumping or subsidies that cause or threaten to cause significant harm to an industry on the territory of another party that exports the product concerned to the territory of the importing party. CONTRACTING PARTIES refrain from the application of paragraph (a) of this paragraph in order to allow the application of a countervailing duty when they find that a subsidy causes or threatens significant harm to an economic sector in the territory of another party that exports the affected product to the territory of the importing party.
The contracting parties recognize that the granting of an export subsidy to a product by one party may adversely affect the other parties, both import and export, on their normal commercial interests and jeopardize the achievement of the objectives of this agreement. (b) contracting parties applying restrictions in paragraph (a) of this paragraph gradually relax them, as these conditions improve and are maintained only to the extent that the conditions under this paragraph still justify their application. They remove restrictions if the conditions no longer justify their establishment or subsistence under this paragraph. 1. Goods (including baggage) as well as ships and other means of transport are considered to pass through the territory of a contractor when the passage through that area, with or without transshipment, storage, destruction or modification of the means of transport, is only part of a complete journey beginning and ending beyond the border of the contracting company. , in the territory in which traffic passes.