In addition, paragraph 50 stressed that there would be no new controls on goods and services to be transferred from Northern Ireland to Britain. In 2018, point 50 of the final eu withdrawal agreement was omitted on the grounds that it was an internal matter in the UK. The final withdrawal agreement for 2018 was originally approved by the British Prime Minister (Theresa May), but the DUP (whose minority government depended on confidence and supply support) vetoed a parliamentary vote in January 2019.  The Irish government and the northern Irish nationalists (favourable to a united Ireland) supported the protocol, while the Unionists (who preferred the United Kingdom) opposed it. In early 2019, the Westminster Parliament voted three times against ratifying the withdrawal agreement, rejecting the backstop. She spoke out after the Financial Times reported that Boris Johnson was planning laws to repeal parts of last year`s withdrawal treaty between Britain and the EU. The report cites three people close to the plans that a bill to be introduced in the British Parliament this week would undermine Northern Ireland`s customs agreements and state aid. The Republic of Ireland is the second highest gross domestic product per capita in the EU after Luxembourg, thanks to a favourable corporate tax system and membership of the European single market.  About 85% of Ireland`s freight exports worldwide are from ports in the UK, about half of which are destined for the UK, while half continue to the EU via Dover and Calais.
 The UK`s use as a “land bridge” is rapid (it takes 10.5 hours for the Dublin-Holyhead-Dover-Calais route), but could be compromised by customs checks in Wales and Calais in a Brexit without agreement. Indeed, in the absence of trade agreements, the trade relationship between the United Kingdom and the EU (including the Republic) would amount to membership of the World Trade Organization (WTO). They stipulate that the same tariffs and tariffs must be applied indiscriminately among all WTO members (the most favoured nation`s criterion), unless some members have a trade agreement.  This principle would also apply to trade across land borders in Ireland in the absence of a trade agreement. Under a pull scheme, the Northern Ireland Protocol, there is no need to control goods along the Irish border when the new uk-EU relationship begins on 1 January. How does it work? This publication is available at www.gov.uk/government/publications/moving-goods-under-the-northern-ireland-protocol/moving-goods-under-the-northern-ireland-protocol-introduction The new withdrawal agreement contains the terms of the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union, with amendments to the Northern Ireland Protocol, to eliminate the so-called “backstop” and replace it with rules in line with the government`s objectives.