The action programme also contains a horizontal priority objective, which aims to help the EU more effectively address international environmental and climate challenges. It recalls that the Union intends to achieve good results in terms of accession to multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) and calls on the EU and its Member States to participate proactively in international negotiations on new and emerging issues. In 2002, the EAC Heads of State and Government Summit decided that regional and multilateral issues should be negotiated in bulk. The draft framework for joint participation and implementation of regional and multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) has been finalised. The objective of this framework is to guide EAC partner countries in the implementation of various multilateral environmental agreements to which partner states belong. For these reasons, I think it makes sense to bypass the labels and focus instead on pragmatic solutions, that is, identifying specific problems that need to be addressed and considering possible solutions. I have taken into account the following problems and possible approaches to address them in the context of the international climate regime. Most environmental problems are cross-border and often global and can only be effectively addressed through international cooperation. That is why the Lisbon Treaty stipulates that one of the main objectives of the EU`s environmental policy is to promote action at the international level to address regional or global environmental problems, and in particular to combat climate change. The EU is actively involved in the development, ratification and implementation of multilateral environmental agreements. The Paris Agreement cannot fully advance its objectives without the help of other international agreements and institutions.
As noted above, some individuals need to provide political, technical and/or financial support for the implementation and improvement of NPNS. But others also need to be strengthened, such as the Montreal Protocol on Ozone Depleting Substances when it adopted the Kigali amendment to regulate the production and consumption of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) in 2016. Before I turn to the Paris agreement in particular, I would like to start with a confession. As a U.S. State Department lawyer for more than thirty years (and the leading climate advocate for more than 25 years), I have been involved in negotiating many of the most important multilateral environmental agreements of recent decades.