Lima Agreement 1975 Wikipedia

UNIDO supports countries in their environmental management efforts, including the implementation of multilateral environmental agreements and the provision of sustainable energy. It contributes to the creation of new green industries, establishes national roadmaps for greening the supply chain, defines benchmarks and indicators, disseminates and shares best practices, implements clean technology programmes, conducts various capacity building exercises and contributes to international forums with the necessary research and expertise. A copy of the declaration was provided by “A New International Economic Order”; Selected documents 1945-1975 Volume 2. N.Y., UNITAR, 1977 pp. 631-650 An intergovernmental committee prepared a draft Constitution adopted in Vienna in 1979. However, the objections and doubts of industrialized countries about the need for a special agency contributed to delaying the ratification process. In order to ensure that the new organization began to become a member which, for the most part, named all the Major States, the General Assembly had requested, by resolutions adopted in 1982 and 1984, a series of formal consultations among the future Member States, which had finally resulted in a general agreement on the entry into force of the new UNIDO Constitution. In 1985, all the necessary formal conditions were met, and in December of the same year, UNIDO finally became the sixteenth Special Of the United Nations, headquartered in Vienna. The establishment of UNIDO as a special body, however, was a compromise solution. The developing countries (the Group of 77) had mainly encouraged the idea of a specialized agency with its own political decision-making bodies and budgetary autonomy. The same position was taken by several high-level expert groups and intergovernmental committees in the following years.

In the context of the adoption by the General Assembly of the Declaration and Programme of Action establishing a New International Economic Order and the Charter of Economic Rights and Obligations of States, the Second General Conference of UNIDO, held in Lima, Peru, in 1975, adopted the Lima Declaration on Industrial Development and Cooperation. [11] For the first time, industrial development goals were quantified at the international level – the Lima target was for developing countries to reach 25% of world industrial production by the year 2000. Within the framework of the institutional arrangements of the Lima Plan of Action and assistance for the creation of a new international economic order, it was recommended to the General Assembly that UNIDO be established as a special agency. Successive governments on both sides of the political side have pursued the same disastrous internationalist policy – signed a large number of so-called “free trade” agreements, in which our nation has set an example by sharply reducing and completely eliminating tariffs, as Lima has demanded. After the Paris summit on climate change, faceless representatives who met behind closed doors triumphantly declared that an agreement had been reached, along with a promise that the developed world would pay $100 billion a year to “poor nations.” Communist China, until recently a major recipient of Australian foreign aid, is now the beneficiary of a revised directive from the Foreign Investment Review Board and has almost unhindered access to Australia. If we associate this development with a quote from a senior sales official Xie Guoli: “Australia and China have a basis for long-term agricultural cooperation, because Australia is rich in land and China is rich in labor. . . .

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